Individual Breed Standards
(Taken from the April 1908 issue of The Poultry Fancier)
Rocks Get First Breed Standard
What It Will Be and When It Will Be Issued — Color Plates Probable—
Number of Each Breed Shown at 124 Shows.
SECRETARY HALLOCK of the American Poultry Association announces that the Ply mouth Rocks will be given the first Breed Standard under the resolutions adopted at the Niagara Palls meeting last summer. He states that 124 local poultry associations sent in certified reports. Under the pro visions of the resolutions the record was to consist of the entries at all shows in the United States and Canada, but more than half of them are not represented in the contest. We presume that it was impossible to get reports from the full number but in view of the small margin over the Wyandottes which the Plymouth Rocks received, there is a reasonable doubt as to whether or not the Wyandottes might be the winners if the results of the 350 or more shows were known. Following is Mr. Hallock’s notice: “In an interesting contest conducted by the American Poultry Association, with the officials of 124 poultry shows sending in certified lists of the number of entries of each breed shown, at their respective shows, for which the regular entry fee has been paid, the Plymouth Rocks win over the Wyandottes by 2.194 entries, and will be entitled to the first separate Breed Standard to be issued by the American Poultry Association in accordance with resolutions adopted at the meeting at Niagara Falls last August.
“Below is a detailed report of the total entries of each breed at the shows reporting:”
Rhode Island Reds
Rose Comb Bantams
14,514 12,320 8,740 5,812 2,857 2,153 1,709 1,590 1,277 1,181 1,010 758 637 618 538 538 464 423 311 144 117 115 105 104 95 85 S3 71 41 37 18 12 7 7 5 4 3 3
The Resolutions adopted by the American Poultry Association and proposed by Mr. Grant M. Curtis are in part as follows:
First, That this Association under take the publication of separate breed Standards, 1. e., of separately bound Standards of Perfection for the Plymouth Rocks, the Wyandottes, the Leghorns, etc., beginning with the breed that is most popular in the United States and Canada at the present time, and taking up other breeds one at a time, in the order of their popularity.
Second, That each of these Standards shall be complete in itself as regards everything the purchaser and user should receive in the form of a standard for determining the individual and comparative merits of Standard fowl, Including an appropriate introduction telling the origin and work of the American Poultry Association and citing the history of the breed and of each variety thereof, containing a nomenclature fowl and a suitable glossary, which shall define the technical terms used in the text of the book, an official score-card, a list of the general disqualifications applicable to the breed, a list of special defects, with prescribed discounts, the usual instructions to judges, so far as they apply to the breed, also quite full general re marks treating of breed characteristics and the beauty and utility values of the varieties of the breed.
Third, That each of these breed Standards shall be illustrated in black and white, to the best advantage, and shall also contain illustrations showing the natural or standard colors and shades of color of the different varieties of the breed, these colored illustrations to consist, so far as may be found practicable, of separate pictures as nearly ideal as possible, both in shape and color, of a standard shaped male and female of each variety, said pictures to be shown in full profile, and In the event that it is not found practicable or satisfactory to show the complete specimens in color, then sample feathers will be shown, and should these be found impracticable, then patches of color illustrating the correct shades, as per Standard requirements, shall be used.
Fourth, That each of these breed Standards, which treat of the so-called utility or semi-utility varieties, shall contain text and Illustrations descriptive of the standard size, standard shape and the standard color for eggs laid by the breed and the varieties thereof; also text and illustrations descriptive of standard requirements, as regards shape, color of skin, etc., for dressed specimens, together with sample forms of score-cards to be used in judging eggs and dressed fowl of the breed and of each variety thereof.
Fifth, that the method of deciding on the breed or breeds shall be as follows: The secretaries of all poultry shows held in the United States and Canada, between the dates October 31, 1907, and March 1, 1908, shall be invited by the secretary-treasurer of the American Poultry Association to furnish him, in his official capacity, a certified list of the number of entries of each breed shown at the respective exhibitions for which the regular entry fee shall have been paid, and on April 1, 190S, these lists shall be gotten up and the breed that was exhibited in the largest number, at the shows thus reported on, all standard varieties of each breed to count, shall be supplied first in order with a separate breed Standard as herein outlined and ordered; and that during the winter show season of 1908-1909 the same method shall be followed in deciding upon the popularity of the second breed to be supplied with a second Standard, and so on year by year until such number of breeds have been sup plied as may be deemed advisable by this Association, said separate Standards not to be undertaken at a rate of more than one each year.